Sunday, February 17, 2019

Health issues and measures (LYU000117)


Health is a state of complete physical, Mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health is essential than wealth but without wealth, there is no health. Health is very important for everyone on this globe. So everyone should be concerned about health in the Country. The increase of GDP alone does not guarantee health. However, Improvement in health does relate positively to GDP.  If you are healthy, you can develop yourself, your family and your country. You can contribute to the nation's
development. If you are healthy, you would try to make the country, healthy.    

There are various types of diseases find across the world in which cardiovascular diseases, Respiratory diseases, TB, Tumors and malignant etc. are the major. Many schemes have been launched by the Government. Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana (PM-JAY) is good for peoples. in which, Generic medicines are provided, Everyone can purchase at a cheap cost. Our government has been trying continuously to combat these diseases. Try to evade yourself from such types of diseases. Many diseases occur due to filth and impurity. Nowadays, Food is also concerning matter. What types of food, you consume? There is almost adulteration in all the food items like vegetables, fruits, cereals, and groceries. Cultivators are using pesticides and herbicides to kill pest and weeds respectively, which is harmful to humans. Senior authority should be concerned and brought some technologies and methodologies which can allay these tribulations.

In the current scenario, the Government’s spending on public health is only 1.15-1.5% of GDP. Now it has been targeted to 2.5% of GDP in upcoming years.  To reach its target, the government should increase health funding by 20-25% every year for the next five years or more. National health profile of 2018, Public per capita expenditure on health increased to Rs.1112 in 2015-16 from Rs.621 in 2009-10. U.S.spends $ 10,224 per capita on healthcare per year according to 2017 data. U.S. health expenditure is 18% of GDP, while India’s is
still under 1.5%. $4000-$5000 per capita spending in other OECD (Organization for economic co-operation and development) countries is not also comparable with India’s low capital health expenditure. Now, per capita, out of pocket expenditure on health is at a massive 67%. The government has launched The Ayushman Bharat-PM-JAY(Jan Arogya Yojana) which will help to reduce out of pocket expenditure and cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) providing coverage up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization. A beneficiary
covered under the scheme will be allowed to take cashless benefits from any public or private impaneled hospitals across the country.

The Government has announced to open 1.5 lakh health and wellness centers by 2022. However, the allocation for each of the wellness centers is less than Rs. 1 lakh per year which is a meager amount. Niti Aayog has proposed higher taxes on tobacco, alcohol and unhealthy food in order to revamp the public and preventive health system. Now, I would like to conclude that try to evade from diseases. Take proper precautions. Take proper yoga, Meditation, and workout. Sweat every day, burn your calorie. Take proper and hygienic food. keep your surroundings clean. I hope, our government shall put its efforts to combat health related issues. 
Stay clean and healthy.

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